Fréttir

Merki Landhelgisgæslu Íslands - 26.3.2002

  Merki Landhelgisgæslu Íslands. Landhelgisgæslan tók 1. september 2001 í notkun nýtt merki sem er ankeri og landvættirnir. Ankeri hefur verið einkenni Landhelgisgæslunnar í mörg ár. Í Heimskringlu segir svo um landvættina sem tóku á móti fjölkunnugum manni er Haraldur Gormsson Danakonungur sendi til Íslands: Haraldr konungr bauð kunngum manni at fara í hamförum til Íslands ok freista, hvat hann kynni segja honum. Sá fór í hvalslíki. En er hann kom til landsins, fór hann vestr fyrir norðan landit. Hann sá, at fjöll öll ok hólar váru fullir af landvéttum, sumt stórt, en sumt smátt. En er hann kom fyrir Vápnafjörð, þá fór hann inn á fjörðinn ok ætlaði á land at ganga. Þá fór ofan eptir dalnum dreki mikill, ok fylgðu honum margir ormar, pöddur ok eðlur ok blésu eitri á hann. En hann lagðisk á brot ok vestr fyrir land, allt fyrir Eyjafjörð. Fór hann inn eptir þeim firði. Þar fór móti honum fugl svá mikill, at vængirnir tóku út fjöllin tveggja vegna, ok fjölði annarra fugla, bæði stórir ok smáir. Braut fór hann þaðan ok vestr um landit ok svá suðr á Breiðarfjörð ok stefndi þar inn á fjörð. Þar fór móti honum griðungr mikill ok óð á sæinn út ok tók at gella ógurliga. Fjölði landvétta fylgði honum. Brot fór hann þaðan ok suðr um Reykjanes ok vildi ganga upp á Víkarsskeiði. Þar kom í móti honum bergrisi ok hafði járnstaf í hendi, ok bar höfuðit hæra en fjöllin, ok margir aðrir jötnar með honum. Þaðan fór hann austr með endlöngu landi - var þá ekki nema sandar ok øræfi ok brim mikit fyrir útan, en haf svá mikit millim landanna, segir hann, at ekki er þar fært langskipum.   Merkið er í fánalitunum. Grunnurinn er hvítur. Rammi merkisins og landvættirnir eru bláir og ankerið er rautt. Líta má á ankerið sem kristið tákn og er rauði liturinn vel við hæfi. Hugmyndin að merkinu kemur frá Landhelgisgæslu Íslands en Gísli B. Björsson teiknari  sá um hönnun og útfærslu þess. Eimskipafélag Íslands hf. veitti Landhelgisgæslunni styrk vegna merkisins í tilefni afmælis stofnunarinnar og vegna góðs samstarfs. Landhelgisgæslan hefur á sama tíma tekið upp kjörorðin: Föðurland vort hálft er hafið sem eru úr ljóðinu Líknargjafinn þjáðra þjóða eftir Jón Magnússon. Jón Magnússon var fæddur 17. ágúst árið 1896 í Fossakoti í Andakíl, Borg, d. 1944. Hann fluttist til Reykjavíkur árið 1916 og nam beykisiðn. Jón vann við iðn sína um  tíma en lengst af rak hann Húsgagnaverslun Reykjavíkur. Framangreint ljóð Jóns er úr ljóðasafninu Bláskógar sem kom út árið 1945: Líknargjafinn þjáðra þjóða Líknargjafinn þjáðra þjóða,þú, sem kyrrðir vind og sjó,ættjörð vor í ystu höfumundir þinni miskunn bjó.Vertu með oss, vaktu hjá oss,veittu styrk og hugar-ró.Þegar boðinn heljar hækkar,herra, lægðu vind og sjó. Föðurland vort hálft er hafiðhelgað margri feðra dáð.Þangað lífsbjörg þjóðin sótti,þar mun verða stríðið háð.Yfir logn og banabylgjubjarmi skín af drottins náð.Föðurland vort hálft er hafiðhetjulífi og dauða skráð. Þegar brotnar bylgjan þungabrimið heyrist yfir fjöll.Þegar hendir sorg við sjóinn,syrgir, tregar þjóðin öll.Vertu ljós og leiðarstjarna,lægðu storm og boðaföll,líknargjafinn þjáðra þjóða,þegar lokast sundin öll. Drottinn, þinnar ástar óðurendurhljómi um jörð og höf. Breiddu þína blessun yfirblóma lífs og þögla gröf.Vígi og skjöldur vertu þeim, semvinda upp hin hvítu tröf.Drottinn, þinnar ástar óðurendurhljómi um jörð og höf. Lesa meira

EL GRILLO - Sprengjuleit - 26.3.2002

EL GRILLO – SPRENGJULEIT Sprengjuleit Danska sjóhersins og sprengjudeildar Landhelgisgæslunnar gengur vel.  Kafarar leita nú kerfisbundið að sprengjum í flakinu til að gera það eins öruggt og hægt er áður en Norski verktakinn hefur vinnu við olíuhreinsun.Um leið og köfun fer fram er einnig notast við fjarstýrðan kafbát sem leitar flakið, bæði með myndavélum og sonar.  Í gær þegar verið var að kanna svæðið fyrir framan stýrishús El Grillo með kafbátnum, kom í ljós lítill en stöðugur olíuleki úr einum af tönkum skipsins.   Þó svo að leitin sé rétt hafin, hafa þegar fundist margar 20 mm sprengikúlur og nokkrar rakettur (Parachute and Cable Rockets).  Þessum rakettum er skotið upp til að torvelda loftárasir á skipið, en þær draga upp stálvír með fallhlíf á endanum sem helst á lofti í um 7 sekúndur.  Vírnum er ætlað að lenda á árásarflugvélinni sem dregur hann þá að sér en á endanum er lítil sprengja sem springur við snertingu. Áætlað er að leitin standi fram yfir næstu helgi og endi með því að lyfta aðalfallbyssu skipsins upp á yfirborðið, en það er 4 þumlunga fallbyssa sem staðsett er á afturdekki.  Fallbyssan verður afhenti bæjaryfirvöldum á Seyðisfirði til viðbótar öðrum hlutum sem þegar eru komnir á land úr El Grillo, eftir að gengið hefur verið úr skugga um að hún sé óskaðleg. AK Lesa meira

Fréttatilkynning vegna El Grillo - 26.3.2002

General Information Document. Search and Clearance of Explosive Ordnance from SS El Grillo. Prepared by the Icelandic Coast Guard Explosive Ordnance Disposal Unit .   Backgound The SS El Grillo sank without casualties whilst at anchor, as a result of an air attack  by three German FW Condor Aircraft from Norway on 10 Feb 1944. At the time of sinking she was carrying a cargo of bunker oil for the replenishment of Naval vessels.  Also onboard were Depth Charges held in storage racks above deck aft of the bridge – this cargo however, was not reported by the Captain at the time of sinking. The El Grillo was a Defensively Equipped Merchant (DEM) Vessel, her armament was standard for the period and included 4 Oerlikon 20 mm Cannons for Air Defence, one 4 inch Medium Calibre Gun and one 12 Pounder High Angle Quick Fire Medium Calibre Gun.  The only gun remaining on the vessel at present is the 4 inch, which is at the aft end of the vessel. The oil removal operation by a Norwegian specialist contractor is as a result of almost continuous oil leakage from the vessel since her sinking in 1944.  The operation to remove any explosive ordnance is the first step in this operation. The Environmental Ministry is fulfilling its duty to protect the local environment and economy by funding the removal of the remaining oil, which is estimated at around 2000 tons, and at the same time making the wreck safer by the removal of any remaining explosive ordnance. The Explosive Ordnance 20 mm API (Advanced Primer Ignition) Oerlikon Cannon Mark II. This gun was, with the Bofors 40 mm cannon, by far the most successful Anti- Aircraft Gun of  World War II and was in fact in use by he Royal Navy for many years afterwards. API or blowback was first used during WW 1 as a method of generating automatic fire.  The Swiss-made Oerlikon 20 mm Cannon was developed in the 1930´s and  the design taken up by the British, Germans, Japanese and Americans for use in WW II.     The guns fitted to the El Grillo were manually operated over open sights and fired 450 rounds per minute.  Their effective range was approx 1.7 km, with ammunition being of a high explosive and tracer type, with an integral nose fitted impact fuze.  The ammunition was loaded into ammunition drums containing 60 rounds.  The rounds were designed to hit the target and explode on contact with a rigid structure in the airframe, thus they were extremely effective, especially at shorter ranges.   4 inch (10.2 cm)/45 Mark IX and 12 Pounder (3 inch/40. 7.62 cm)  HA Medium Calibre Guns. These manually operated and sighted guns were mainly for use against surface targets, although with High Angle mountings they could engage aircraft targets.  Their range, depending on ammunition was between 12 and 15 km.   Although the 4 inch Gun was of relatively new design the 12 Pounder was first brought into service with the Royal Navy in 1893. The projectiles weighed between 6 and 15 kg and could be High Explosive, Semi-Armour Piercing or Shrapnel with Impact or Delayed Impact Fuzing, some signalling shells would also have been onboard. The rate of fire would be between 10 and 15 rounds per minute. Depth Charge Mark VII The Mark VII Depth Charge was an anti-submarine weapon with a variable depth setting for detonation of up to 300 feet under the sea.  It contained 147 kg of TNT or Minol and was launched by a special special thrower device.   Parachute and Cable Rockets These were intended to deter low flying aircraft attacks and were used in great numbers in the Battle of Britain to protect British Airfields from enemy aircraft attack. Operation is by launching of a Rocket  to which is connected a steel cable, at a predetermined height a parachute is deployed and the cable is suspended in the air.  If an aircraft hits the cable it may be damaged or destroyed, but to make sure on some types a small bomb was attached which would be drawn down onto the aircraft  as the cable slipped over the airframe and then explode on impact.     QUESTIONS and ANSWERS..... Why? It is the responsibility of the Environmental Ministry to make the work area safe for the commercial diving team carrying out the oil removal operation.  It is known that explosives were on the vessel at the time of sinking and it would be part of any similar operation to carry out such a task anywhere in the world.   By using the RDN and the ICG to carry out the task the Ministry have not only ensured the job will be carried out in a safe and professional manner, but also at a reasonable cost.  A similar commercial venture would be considerably more expensive. How Much Explosive Ordnance is on the El Grillo? This is impossible to say at present, no records of the standard ammunition scales are available for this period and the Depth Charges, of which 25 have been recovered in legal operations by the ICG were not reported on the post sinking manifest.  It is thought however, that many of the accessible shells have been illegally and foolishly removed by scuba divers. What is the Danger from the Ammunition? All explosive ordnance is potentially dangerous by its very nature and design.  Military explosives are meant to kill people and destroy property, in the case of the ordnance that may remain on the El Grillo, it is still as capable today of doing so as when first manufactured.  Indeed, it is normally the case that explosives become more dangerous with time and the effects of chemical activity or corrosion. The operation is by its very nature hazardous, therefore management will concentrate on safety with only those directly involved in the task allowed on the vessel. What is the Greatest Danger? Regarding the Explosives, the 12 Pounder Shells were filled with a High Explosive Filling known as Picric Acid, this deteriorates into an unstable compound and forms sensitive crystals or Picrates with time.  Recent tests by the MOD in the UK have shown that in extreme conditions, Picric Acid filled shells will detonate if dropped through 40 cm of water. Much of the information regarding the deterioration and dangers of Picric Acid have been gained from the British Royal Navy, who are engaged in a similar project to salvage oil from HMS Royal Oak in Scapa Flow. How will the Operation be Carried Out? The operation is a joint effort by the ICG and the RDN on behalf of the Environmental Ministry of Iceland.  It is a Explosive Ordnance Disposal Operation, which will be conducted within NATO guidlines. The Captain and Crew of  ICG Inspection ship TÝR will provide the working platform and domestic and technical support to the operation.  The explosive ordnance search and removal operation wil be carried out jointly by the ICG EOD Unit and RDN EOD Service with support from the ICG Diving Unit. An ROV will make an initial survey of the vessel, with the work concentrated on areas likely to be used by the Norwegian oil removal team. Divers will search and recover the ordnance, which will then be transported to and then destroyed at a separate location. The Diving will be carried out by qualified EOD Divers who will be using a mixed gas system.  All divers will be in constant contact with the surface and the work will be monitored by helmet mounted cameras.  A de-compression chamber has been set aboard the ship in the case of emergency. For the duration of the operation a no entry area will be established around TÝR to ensure the safety of personnel.  This will be established and monitored in close co-operation with the local authorities. Summary The EOD operation has been mounted to ensure that the oil removal operation can proceed in safety.  It is not known how much ammunition will be found, but  the operational planning has taken into account all circumstances based on the known facts, with the safety of personnel and protection of the environment as the guiding considerations. Lesa meira